Acute Kidney Injury

 

Acute kidney injury (or acute renal failure) refers to kidney damage that happens suddenly. This can occur in the hospital or in the outpatient setting.

 

Causes

 

Acute Kidney Injury can be caused by dehydration, medications, congestive heart failure, muscle breakdown due to aggressive exercise, radiology procedures that use intravenous contrast, or other illnesses.

 

Symptoms

 

Symptoms for acute kidney injury can range from none to symptoms of total kidney failure depending on the severity of the injury and the cause.

 

Treatment

 

Treatment for acute kidney injury involves identifying the illness or injury that originally damaged your kidneys. Your treatment options depend on the cause and the severity of the damage. Preventing complications of acute kidney injury is conisdered one of the main goals of treatment.

Treatment typically requires hospital stay, but in some cases can be done at home.